You are at the section Calendar History
Where Did The New Years Begin by Some Countries (more in depth)
- In England (but not Scotland) three different years were used:
- The historical year, which started on 1 January.
- The liturgical year, which started on the first Sunday in advent.
- The civil year, which:
- from the 7th to the 12th century started on 25 December,
- from the 12th century until 1751 started on 25 March,
- from 1752 started on 1 January.
- New Year's Day was on March 25 (1155-1751), previous day was on the year 1154 (II?)-1750. Example: the execution of Charles the I of England listed as January 30, 1648 (when 1649 began on March 25), modern histories adjusted the year to 1649.
- Example of Birth in the British Colonies
- George Washington was born either February 11, 1731 (Julian-3-25- Calendar) or February 22, 1732 (Gregorian Calendar adjusted date), or February 11, 1732 (Julian-1 Calendar) depending on which calendar is used.
- His anniversary of birth in the Gregorian calendar is reflected to be as follows:
- Feb 22 from 1732-1801 (for the Julian-3-25- years 1731-1800),
- 2-11-1799 Julian-3-25- or 2-11-1800 Julian-1 to 2-22-1800 Gregorian
- 2-17-1799 Julian-3-25- or 2-17-1800 Julian-1 to 2-28-1800 Gregorian
- 2-18-1799 Julian-3-25- or 2-18-1800 Julian-1 to 3-1-1800 Gregorian (there is no Feb 29 in Gregorian 1800)
- 2-28-1799 Julian-3-25- or 2-28-1800 Julian-1 to 3-11-1800 Gregorian
- 2-29-1799 Julian-3-25- or 2-29-1800 Julian-1 to 3-12-1800 Gregorian (there were leap year days on the Julian-3-25- calendar when the Julian-1 calendar had them to keep both calendars in sync)
- 3-1-1799 Julian-3-25- or 3-1-1801 Julian-1 to 3-13-1800 Gregorian
- 2-1-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-1-1801 Julian-1 to 2-13-1801 Gregorian
- 2-11-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-11-1801 Julian-1 to 2-23-1801 Gregorian
- 2-16-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-16-1801 Julian-1 to 2-28-1801 Gregorian
- 2-17-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-17-1801 Julian-1 to 3-1-1801 Gregorian
- 2-27-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-27-1801 Julian-1 to 3-11-1801 Gregorian
- 2-28-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-28-1801 Julian-1 to 3-12-1801 Gregorian
- 3-1-1800 Julian-3-25- or 3-1-1801 Julian-1 to 3-13-1801 Gregorian (there is no Feb 29, 1800 in the Julian-3-25- calendar)
- For practical purposes, Washington's birthday observance remains Feb 22, the date that was converted from his birth year on the Julian-3-25- calendar on Feb 11, 1731.
- The U.S.A. holiday of his birth is on the third Monday in February (any date from Feb 15 to Feb 21, now known as President's Day.)
- Feb 22 from 1732-1800 (for the Julian-3-25- years 1731-1799),
- Feb 23 from 1801-1900 (for the Julian-3-25- years 1800-1899),
- Feb 24 from 1901-2100 (for the Julian-3-25- years 1900-2099),
- Feb 25 from 2101-2200 (for the Julian-3-25- years 2100-2199), and so on.
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